BHARATPUR :- The 'Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan', was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD, it was once an impregnable well fortified city, carved out of the region formerly known as Mewat. The trio of Bharatpur, Deeg and Dholpur has played an important part in the history of Rajasthan.
The place was named as Bharatpur after the name of Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama, whose other brother Laxman was worshipped as the family deity of the Bharatpur. The legends say the rulers Laxman's name is engraved on the state arms and the seals. The city and the fort have been believed to be founded by Rustam, a Jat of Sogariya clan. Maharaja Suraj Mal took over from Khemkaran, the son of Rustam, and established the empire. He fortified the city by building a massive wall around the city.
LANDMARKS KEOLADEO NATIONAL PARK : Just outside Bharatpur, considered to be one of the world's outstanding heronries, covering an area of just 12 square miles, this is an interlocking ecosystem of woodlands, swamps, wet prairies and dry savannah. Home to over 370 varieties of birds, more than 115 species are migrants flying in from Central Asia, Siberia and Western China during the winter months.
LOHAGARH FORT : This massive iron fort, conceived and designed by Maharaja Suraj Mal, the founder of Bharatpur, was built in the early 18th century. With its impregnable defences it withstood several British attacks. The fort has three palaces within its precincts - Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas.
GOVERNMENT MUSEUM :- Rich collection of artifacts, exquisitely carved sculptures & ancient inscriptions are exhibited at the Government Museum located in the Palace.
DEEG :- Deeg with its exquisite complex of pleasure palaces lies 22 miles north of Bharatpur. Created in the mid-eighteenth century by Raja Badan Singh with additions by Raja Surajmal, this was an idyllic refuge from the battles which the erstwhile rulers constantly waged. Once the summer resort of the rulers of Bharatpur, it served as the second capital of the region. This interesting town has massive fortifications amidst beautiful gardens.